Wednesday 18th September 2019,

Best Open Source Test Automation Frameworks

admin March 24, 2014 Resources No Comments

As the software development business becomes more complex and competitive, it is more important than ever to identify all the opportunities to maximize the application’s reliability, quality and performance. This requires rigorous application testing. Software testing requires lots of time, manpower and of course money! The main goal of software testing is to ensure the highest level of software quality. Test automation is an alternative when manual testing is not possible because the application is too large, there is complex business logic or there is a short time frame for releases. The good news is that there are resources for test automation.


Selenium is clear favorite among software QA professionals working on web application testing. Selenium is one of the oldest web application frameworks with a strong user base. It allows users to remotely control browser activity and automate the web application for testing purposes.

Selenium is available in two versions: Selenium IDE and Selenium WebDriver. Either is good for reproducing bugs, browser based regression testing and web based administrative task automation.


Watir is a Ruby based library with a BSD license and is commonly used in web application testing. It is easy to use and maintain.  It is also highly customizable. Watir supports all major browsers: Mozilla Firefox, Chrome, Opera and Internet Explorer. The test results can be imported into Excel and XML file formats for further analysis.


Windmill is another very powerful test automation framework used in web application test automation. It comes with a cross browser test recorder, interactive shell, proxy API, and JavaScript and AJAX integration. It supports Python, JavaScript and Ruby. Additionally, it comes with SSL and a integrated debugging tool (Firebug). It also supports all major browsers: Firefox, Google Chrome, Opera and Internet Explorer.


Appium is a new entry in the mobile app testing automation arena. It offers developers, testers, and QA professionals the ability to test the application without de-compiling the app or adding a native SDK. It can automate any application written in any programming language. It is available for both platforms, iOS and Android. According to the Appium developers it is compatible with other test automation tools like Selenium.


Twister is another very powerful, next generation test automation framework that comes with a wide array of features. It is a role-based, distributed QA framework. Twister is a highly customizable test execution framework that can be integrated with other QA tools like – GIT, SVN, JIRA and many others.

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